Innovations in an Emerging Software Cluster

Conference paper


Low wage rate in India, rather than technological innovation, is widely believed to have caused the phenomenal growth of the Indian software industry. Low total software exports from India is taken as an indication of lack of innovation in the industry. This chapter argues, based on the case study of the software firms in Trivandrum, that the software industry in India is innovative and that the nature of innovation depends on the characteristics of its knowledge base.


Technological Knowledge Software Industry Epistemic Community ITeS Firm Service Export 


  1. Arora A, Arunachalam VS, Asundi J, Fernandes R (2001) The Indian software services industry. Res Policy 30:1267–1287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Balakrishnan P (2006) Benign neglect or strategic intent? Contested lineage of Indian software industry. Econ Pol Wkly 41(36):3865–3872Google Scholar
  3. D’Costa AP (2002) Export growth and path dependence: the locking-in of innovations in the software industry. Sci Technol Soc 7:51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Edquist C (2005) Systems of innovation–perspectives and challenges. In: Fagerberg J, Mowery DC, Nelson RR (eds) The Oxford handbook of innovation. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  5. Fagerberg J (2005) Innovation: a guide to the literature. In: The Oxford handbook of innovation. Oxford University Press, New York, pp 1–26Google Scholar
  6. Heeks R (1996) India’s Software Industry: State Policy, Liberalisation and Industrial Development, Sage Publications, Inc, Thousand Oaks, CA, USAGoogle Scholar
  7. Hippel EV (1986) Lead users: a source of novel product concepts. Manage Sci 32:791–805CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Joseph KJ, Harilal KN (2001) Structure and growth of India’s IT exports: implications of an export-oriented growth strategy. Econ Pol Wkly 36(34):3263–3270Google Scholar
  9. Lippoldt D, Stryszowski P (2009) Innovation in the software sector. OECD Publishing, ParisGoogle Scholar
  10. Lundvall B (2007) National innovation systems-analytical concept and development tool. Ind Innov 14:95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Lundvall B (2010) National systems of innovation: toward a theory of innovation and interactive learning. Anthem Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  12. Malerba F (2002) Sectoral systems of innovation and production. Res Policy 31:247–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Jensena MB, Johnsonb B, Lorenzc E, Lundvall BA (2007) Forms of knowledge and modes of innovation, Research Policy 36(5):680–693Google Scholar
  14. OECD (2005) Oslo manual: proposed guidelines for collecting and interpreting technological innovation data. OECD, ParisGoogle Scholar
  15. UNCTAD (2009) Information economy report 2009: trends and outlook in turbulent times. Technical report, United NationsGoogle Scholar
  16. Yin RK (2009) Case study research: design and methods. Sage Publications, Inc, Los AngelesGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Society for Promotion of Alternative Computing and EmploymentVellayambalam, TrivandrumIndia

Personalised recommendations