Japan’s Space Programme

  • Ajey Lele


Japan is a wonderfully unique place and could be said to be a realm of contrasts, anomalies and anachronisms. But, at the same time, it is Asia’s first modern and industrialised nation and has been involved deeply in world trade for over four decades [1]. Contemporary Japan is a great success story of twentieth century. In various fields, Japan challenged Western hegemony and succeeded in setting world-beating standards. The world admired, applauded and envied Japan. In fact during 1980s for a short period, it appeared that Japan may even dislodge the United States from global leadership positions in certain areas [2, p. 191]. It had maintained itself as the world’s second largest economy from 1968 until 2010, till the time China overtook it. This probably happened because of the ‘rise of China’ and the change in economic and political circumstances with Japan at the end of twentieth century. Again twenty-first century has arrived with certain positive impetus to take Japan towards a brighter future.


International Space Station Launch Vehicle Liberal Democratic Party Space Policy Space Programme 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Louis Perez G. The history of Japan. London: Greenfield Press; 1998. p. 1.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    McCargo D. Contemporary Japan. London: Macmillan Limited; 2000.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Feffer J. Japan: the price of normalcy. 2009 Jan 13. Accessed 23 Oct 2009.
  4. 4.
    Brian H. The Japanese and Indian space programmes. Chichester: Springer; 2000. p. xii.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Berner S. Japan’s space program. Rand technical report. Santa Monica: Rand Corporation; 2005, p. 3.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Suzuki K. Administrative reforms and policy logics of Japanese space policy. Space Policy. 2005;21(1):11–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Matogawa Y. Lessons from half a century experience of Japanese solid rocketry since Pencil rocket. Acta Astronautica. 2007;61(11–12):1107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Baker D. The rocket. Bethel: Crown; 1978. p. 22–4.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Shastri R. Japan’s space programme. Strateg Anal. 1986;9(1):1088–1107.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Oros AL. Explaining Japan’s Tortured Course to Surveillance Satellites. Rev Policy Res. Jan 2007;24(1):29–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lee S. Autonomy or International Cooperation? The Japanese Space Industry Responds to U.S. Pressure. Bus Polit. 2000;2(2):225–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Verger F, et al. The Cambridge encyclopedia of space missions, applications and exploration. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2003. p. 95–8.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Christopher W. Hughes, Japan’s remilitarization, Adelphi paper 403. Oxon: Routledge; 2009. p. 48.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Manriquez M. ‘Japan’s space law revision: the next step toward re-militarization?’ Issue brief, 2008 January. Accessed 23 Oct 2009.
  15. 15.
    Suzuki K. Transforming Japan’s space policy-making. Space Policy. May 2007;23(2):73–802.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Clark S. Japan readies first mission to Venus for 2010 launch. 2009 Oct 24. Accessed 31 Oct 2009
  17. 17.
    Cyranoski D. Venus miss is a setback for Japanese programme. Accessed 14 Nov 2011.
  18. 18.
    Shiibashi K. Japanese Venus probe misses orbit. 2010 Dec 8. Accessed 15 Nov 2011.

Copyright information

© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ajey Lele
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Defence Studies & AnalysesNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations