India’s Space Programme

  • Ajey Lele


In 1963, India’s entry into the space field made a nascent beginning from a small church in Thumba village in the southern parts of India. It started with launching of sounding rockets in 1963. At that time, the purpose behind investing in space technologies was for scientific investigations of the upper atmospheric and ionospheric phenomenon above the geomagnetic equator. In India, the geomagnetic equator passes through Thumba village (Kerala state in India). During 1960s, the only suitable building to start this job was a church in this village [1]. From this village, India launched its first sounding rocket on November 21, 1963. Over last four to five decades, India’s space programme has made significant progress and is today globally reorganised as one of the most successful programmes in recent times. India’s initial progress in the space arena was slow in comparison with the progress made by in the later days. Limited technological expertise and being an underdeveloped economy lack of financial resources were probably the key reasons for this slow growth.


Geostationary Orbit Space Programme Geomagnetic Equator Indian Space Research Organization Indian Remote Sensing 
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Copyright information

© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ajey Lele
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Defence Studies & AnalysesNew DelhiIndia

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