Space Power Soft Power

  • Ajey Lele


Water is fluid, soft, and yielding. But water will wear away rock, which is rigid and cannot yield. As a rule, whatever is fluid, soft, and yielding will overcome whatever is rigid and hard. This is another paradox: what is soft is strong.


Foreign Policy Space Technology Space Programme Soft Power Asian State 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Nye Jr JS. Bound to lead: the changing nature of American power. New York: Basic Books; 1990.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Nye JS Jr. The benefits of soft power. 2004 Feb 8. Accessed 21 Jan 2011.
  3. 3.
    Hall T. An unclear attraction: a critical examination of soft power as an analytical category. Chin J Int Polic. 2010;3:211.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Mattern JB. Why ‘soft power’ isn't so soft: representational force and the sociolinguistic construction of attraction in world politics. Millenn J Int Stud. 2005;33:583.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nye JS. Soft power. Foreign Policy. 1990;80:153–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Nye JS. Soft power: the means to success in world politics. Cambridge: Perseus Books Group; 2004. p. 11.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Krige J. Technological leadership and American soft power. In: Inderjeet P, Cox M, editors. Soft power and the US foreign policy. New York: Routledge; 2010. p. 121–36.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Fedoroff NV. Science diplomacy in the 21st century. Accessed 28 Sept 2011.
  9. 9.
    Hane G. Science, technology, and global reengagement. Accessed 15 Aug 2011.
  10. 10.
    Nina V. Fedoroff “Science Diplomacy in the 21st Century”, Accessed on Sept 28, 2011.
  11. 11.
    Foust J. Soft power and soft logic. 2007 Apr 23. Accessed 15 Jun 2011.
  12. 12.
    Nye Jr JS. The decline of America’s soft power. Foreign Aff. 2004;83(3):1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Brown T. Soft power and space weaponization. Air Space Power J. 2009;23:1.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Zhu Z. US-China relations in the 21st century: power transition & peace. London: Routledge; 2006. p. 174.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kagan R, Crossick S. China’s global rise: a threat to the U.S. balance of power? 2007 Oct 23. Accessed 12 Jul 2011.
  16. 16.
    Ding S. Analysing rising power from the perspective of soft power: a new look at China’s rise to the status quo power. J Contemp China. 2010;19:255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hu Jintao calls for enhancing “soft power” of Chinese culture. 2007 Oct 15. Accessed 10 Jan 2010.
  18. 18.
    Li M, editor. Soft power: China’s emerging strategy in international politics. Lanham: Lexington Books; 2009. p. 1.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Gill B, Huang Y. Sources and limits of Chinese soft power. Survival. 2006;248(2):17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Suzuki S. The myth and reality of China’s soft power. In: Parmar I, Cox M, editors. Soft power and the US foreign policy. New York: Routledge; 2010. p. 210.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Thompson D. Economic growth and soft power: China’s Africa strategy. China Brief. 1969; 4(24).
  22. 22.
    Sausen TM. The China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite (CBERS). Accessed 14 Oct 2011.
  23. 23.
    Amako S. China as a ‘Great Power’ and East Asian integration. 2010 Apr 4. Accessed 30 Sept 2011.
  24. 24.
    Yardley J. China uses space technology as diplomatic trump card. International Herald Tribune. 2007 May 24.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Raghavan VR. Soft power in the Asia Pacific. Accessed 12 Sept 2011.
  26. 26.
  27. 27.
    Carroll R. Bolivia to launch satellite into space. 2010 Feb 12. Accessed 12 Feb 2011.
  28. 28.
    Daniel D. China to help Lanka launch satellite. Accessed 26 July 2011.
  29. 29.
    Woodsome K. Analysts say China poised to become leader in space. 2010 Apr 21. Accessed 5 Oct 2011.
  30. 30.
    Harvey B, Smid H, Pirard T. Emerging space powers. Chichester: Praxis; 2010. p. 450.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Lele A. China launches a communications satellite for Pakistan. 2011 Aug 24. Accessed 25 Aug 2011.
  32. 32.
    Rao R. Space technology and soft power. 2009 Dec 10. Accessed 24 Jan 2011.

Copyright information

© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ajey Lele
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Defence Studies & AnalysesNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations