Satellite Navigation and Asia

  • Ajey Lele


Bartholomaeus Pitiscus (1561–1613) was a Polish theologian who first coined the term ‘trigonometry’ which is a branch of mathematics that deals with the relationship between the angles and sides of triangles. This aspect of geometry is of wide-ranging utility to various fields of science and technology. Trigonometry has various applications for measurement of distances. The techniques based on trigonometry are used in astronomy and for navigational systems which use the triangulation method to identify the position of an object.


European Union Global Position System Global Navigation Satellite System Global Navigation Satellite System Navigation Satellite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Kumar S, Moore KB. The evolution of global positioning system (GPS) technology. J Sci Educ Technol. March 2002;11(1):79–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Takahashi H(D). Japanese regional navigation satellite system the JRANS concept. J Glob Position Syst. 2004;3(1–2):259–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Li Binghao, Dempster AG. CAPS—China’s Regional Navigation Satellite System. Jun 2010, p. 59–63.
  4. 4.
    Forden G. The military capabilities and implications of China’s indigenous satellite-based navigation system. Sci Glob Secur. 2004;12:219–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    North R. Galileo: the military and political dimensions. 2004 Jul 5. Accessed 2 July 2011.
  6. 6.
    Dinerman T. Galileo gets a Chinese overlay. 2006 July 31. Accessed 28 Jun 2011.
  7. 7.
    Dinerman T. China and Galileo, continued. 2006 Aug 21. Accessed 20 Jun 2011.
  8. 8.
    Ramakrishnan T. ISRO to implement regional navigation satellite system. The Hindu. 2011 Jan 5.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gowrisankar D, Kibe SV. who is the Director Satellite Navigation, ISRO titled ‘India’s Satellite Navigation Programme, at Hanoi, Vietnam, 2008 Dec 10 and available at Accessed 15 Apr 2011.

Copyright information

© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ajey Lele
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Defence Studies & AnalysesNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations