Because of high intensive agricultural practices and chemicalisation of agriculture, the age-old environment-friendly pest management practices like sanitation, crop rotation, mixed cropping, adjustment of date of planting, fallowing, summer ploughing, green manuring, composting, etc., to combat plant pests are not being practised in Indian agriculture. The pace of development and durability of resistant varieties had been slow and unreliable.
Considering these limitations, there have been growing awareness and increasing demand for novel and improved crop protection approaches to guarantee effective and sustainable food production which offers new opportunities for crop protection research. The most recent advances in crop protection include avermectins, bacteriophages, biofumigation, biotechnological approaches, bio-priming of seeds, disguising the leaf surface, non-pathogenic strains, plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria, soil solarisation, strobilurin fungicides, variety mixtures/cultivar mixtures/multilines, biointensive integrated pest management, pathogenesis-related proteins, RNA interference, fusion protein-based biopesticides, seed mat technology and environmental methods.
KeywordsCrop Protection Sheath Blight Karnal Bunt Cereal Cyst Nematode Particle Film
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