Labour Market Outcomes

  • Arup Mitra


An important dimension of pro-poor or inclusive growth is productive employment generation through which the dual objectives of growth and poverty reduction can be achieved simultaneously. However, for evolving effective guidelines to shift the workforce from low- to high-productivity jobs, a thorough understanding of the labour market situation and the sectoral composition of growth and employment is essential. Agriculture has been providing livelihood to more than 50 % of the workforce notwithstanding the decline in its share in total value added to less than 20 %. Given the low-productivity employment in the agricultural sector, it is pertinent to create employment opportunities elsewhere in the economy keeping in view the additions to the labour supplies and those who need to be shifted out from the agriculture sector. Since the high-productivity services sector is largely conducive to the absorption of those who are highly skilled and educated, it is the industrial sector which has to be treated as the sector of last resort and has to play the role of engine of growth and employment generation both.


Informal Sector Employment Growth Employment Growth Rate Urban Male Urban Female 
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Copyright information

© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arup Mitra
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Economic GrowthDelhi UniversityDelhiIndia

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