ICU Protocols pp 797-803 | Cite as


  • Rajesh Chawla
  • Sananta K. Dash
  • Vipul Roy


The removal of fluid from the pericardial space is called pericardiocentesis. The abrupt collection of fluid raises intrapericardial pressure, compresses the heart, and decreases cardiac output. This condition is called cardiac tamponade. Echocardiography is recommended to make urgent diagnosis and look for diastolic collapse of the right atrium and ventricle due to cardiac tamponade. Immediate aspiration of fluid is recommended in such a case.


Cardiac Tamponade Pericardial Fluid Xiphoid Process Pericardial Space Needle Trajectory 
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© Springer India 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Respiratory, Critical Care & Sleep MedicineIndraprastha Apollo HospitalsNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Respiratory & Critical Care MedicineIndraprastha Apollo HospitalsNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Department of CardiologyIndraprastha Apollo HospitalsNew DelhiIndia

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