ICU Protocols pp 293-298 | Cite as

Lower Gastrointestinal Bleeding

  • Surinder S. Rana
  • Deepak Kumar Bhasin


Lower GI hemorrhage is defined as bleeding that occurs from the bowel distal to the ligament of Treitz. Majority of patients with hematochezia bleed from the large bowel, but in 10-25% of patients, the small bowel is the source of bleeding, and it poses difficult diagnostic dilemma. Also, some patients with massive upper GI bleeding can present with hematochezia. Lower GI bleeding represents a diverse range of bleeding sources and severities, ranging from mild hemorrhoidal bleeding to massive blood loss from vascular small bowel tumors.


Hemodynamic Compromise Bleeding Source Lower Gastrointestinal Bleeding Massive Blood Loss Thermal Coagulation 
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Copyright information

© Springer India 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GastroenterologyPostgraduate Institute of Medical Education & ResearchChandigarhIndia

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