ICU Protocols pp 265-274 | Cite as

Sedation and Analgesia

  • Ashwin Kumar Mani
  • Nagarajan Ramakrishnan
  • Sheila Nainan Myatra


Critically ill patients on mechanical ventilation are frequently managed with sedative and analgesics. Pain is a very common experience in the ICU. Failure to recognize pain leads to agitation and increase use of sedatives. Majority of patients find even routine ICU procedures uncomfortable and painful. Inability to communicate about pain due to presence of an endotracheal tube may lead to high levels of anxiety and may precipitate development of posttraumatic stress disorder. Now it is recommended to aggressively manage pain.


Obstructive Sleep Apnea Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Confusion Assessment Method Intensive Care Delirium Screening Checklist Numeric Pain Scale 
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Copyright information

© Springer India 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ashwin Kumar Mani
    • 1
  • Nagarajan Ramakrishnan
    • 2
  • Sheila Nainan Myatra
    • 3
  1. 1.Critical Care MedicineApollo First Med HospitalChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Critical Care ServicesApollo HospitalsChennaiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Anaesthesia, Critical Care and PainTata Memorial HospitalMumbaiIndia

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