Management in Ancient India
The ancient Indian cities, which appeared in the first millennium bc, were supposed to be built by the descendants of the nomads, the Aryans, who entered India from the north-west. Around 3000 bc, there was strife and struggle amongst tribes of the aborigines in Punjab, and civic life slowly emerged in the Gangetic plain. Much before this, Mohenjo Daro on the Indus River and Harappa on the Ravi were organized communities. The Harappa and Mohenjo Daro civilizations had been organized on a town planning system which appear spectacular compared to developments elsewhere in the world in those times. The world civilizations have in the past emerged around rivers due to easy availability of water. Rivers like Nile, Tigris, Euphrates, Hang Chow, etc. are good illustrations, besides the Indus and the Ganges. They seemed to possess public granaries accompanied by regular blocks of houses differentiated according to the status and skills of the residents. They also show considerable evidence of trade.