Considering the “Social Adaptation” of an Infrastructure and the Consequence of Its Impact on Sustainability

Conference paper


Every structure or facility has a particular purpose and reason for existence, and they can be categorized according to the purpose. One important category of structures is world heritage sites, including temples and churches, palaces, parks, gardens, castles, fortresses, land and valleys, bridges, railways, steelworks, public baths, and even tombs. Many of these sites are now tourist attractions, granting benefits to the host country. According to our brief survey of such heritage sites, there are several interesting examples of the purpose that these structures serve outside of the commercial function. Before entering into the details, we briefly survey these examples.


Tourist Attraction Heritage Site World Heritage Site Social Adaptation Volcanic Debris 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was originally prepared for the symposium, “Dialogue between Social and Natural Sciences” held in Hawaii on February 26–28, 2007.

The author expresses appreciation to the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS). This research was made possible through the “Jinsha Project” funded by that organization. I also thank Dr. Pitch Sutheerawattana for pioneering this work. The information on the two case studies of Mt. Merapi and Bang Pakong Dam is based on his doctoral thesis, “Examining the Secondary Effects of Technological Politics in Infrastructure Development,” Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 2006.


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Copyright information

© Springer 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Frontier SciencesThe University of TokyoKashiwaJapan

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