Democratic Turn of Resource Governance in Japan: Prewar and Postwar Efforts for Integration in Resource Policy
The subject of natural resources is a suitable focus for debate among natural and social scientists and how the division of scientific labor can be practiced. Although the subject has often been categorized as an area of interest to natural scientists (e.g., forestry and hydrology), the history of resource policy reveals that the very concept of “resource” is social, reflecting the needs and political conditions of the time. This chapter outlines the changing role that resources have played in the history of modern Japan with a specific focus on their political pretext. It further argues the need for revitalizing resource studies as a uniting academic field in an otherwise fragmented subject.
KeywordsResource Policy Centripetal Force Resource Issue Wild Vegetable Resource Concept
- Ackerman E (1948) Japanese resources and United States policy (Reprinted in a key to Japan’s recovery: natural resources policy and the occupation, Japan Resources Association, Tokyo, 1985)Google Scholar
- Matsui H (1975) Round table discussion record: from resource bureau to central planning agency. Commerce and Industry Administration Record, Institute of Industrial Policy History (in Japanese)Google Scholar
- Scott J (1998) Seeing like a state: how certain schemes to improve the lives of the people have failed. Yale University Press, New HavenGoogle Scholar
- Yasuba Y (1996) Resources in Japanese economic history: from 1800 to 1940. Socio-Economic History 62(3):291–312 (in Japanese)Google Scholar