Advertisement

Asian Hair: A Korean Study

  • Jung-Chul Kim

Abstract

  1. 1.

    As most Asian hair is black, coarse, and straight (Fig. 8), hair transplantation is difficult, especially when the skin is light. An Asian with high-caliber hair and a visibly high contrast between hair and skin color requires very small grafts (usually fewer than three hairs per graft) to produce a natural look

     
  2. 2.

    Asians have a lower hair density than Caucasians. Korean hairs have a density of approximately 120 hairs/cm2 in the occipital zone and about 100 at the temple area. Therefore, a larger donor area is required, and available donor hair is limited

     
  3. 3.

    Asians have a high proportion of single hairs. The occipital scalp hairs of Koreans consist of 45% of one-hair follicular units, 42% of two-hair follicular units, and 7% of three-hair follicular units. The survival rate of single hair grafts is relatively low compared with two- or three-hair grafts

     
  4. 4.

    Because the hair follicles of Asians are longer than those of Caucasians, the probability of transection during donor harvesting and graft preparation is very high in Asians

     
  5. 5.

    The hair follicles of Asians are metabolically more active than those of Caucasians. Therefore, the grafts of Asians are more vulnerable to dehydration, preservation temperature, and preservation period

     
Fig. 8.

Asian hair follicles

Keywords

Hair Follicle Androgenetic Alopecia Single Hair Graft Preparation Small Graft 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Takashima M, Iju K, Sudo M (1981) Alopecia androgenica: its incidence in Japanese and associated conditions. In: Orfanos CE, Montagna W, Stutgen G (eds) Hair research status and future aspects. Springer Verlag, Berlin, pp 287–293Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Adachi N (1998) Nippon Keizai Shinbun, 28 November (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Inaba M, Inaba Y (1996) Androgenetic alopecia. Springer Verlag, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pathomvanich D (2002) A random study of Asian male androgenic alopecia in Bangkok, Thailand. Dermatol Surg 28:804–807CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Leonard RT (2004) Hair transplantation, 4th edn. 6B. Patient expectations and surgical options based on age, ethnicity and sex. Dekker, New York, pp 170–173Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mayer ML, Perez-Mera D (2004) Hair transplantation, 4th edn. 15B. Transplantation of temporal points. Dekker, New York, pp 584–591Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Onizuka T (1971) Surgical hair restoration. In: Plastic & reconstructive surgery series. Kokusei-Do, Tokyo, pp 24–28 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Onizuka T (1971) Surgical hair restoration. In: Plastic & reconstructive surgery series. Kokusei-Do, Tokyo, p 9 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Unger WP, Cole J (2004) Hair transplantation, 4th edn. 10A. The donor area. Dekker, New York, pp 301–337Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Tsai RY, Lee SH, Chan HL (2002) The distribution of follicular units in the Chinese scalp: implications for reconstruction of natural-appearing hairlines in Orientals. Dermatol Surg 28:499–503CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Pathomvanich D (2006) Procedures in cosmetic dermatology: hair transplantation. In: Hair transplantation in Asians. Elsevier Saunders, Philadelphia, pp 149–156Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Imagawa K (2004) Hair transplantation, 4th edn. 15C. Hair transplantation in Asian patients. Dekker, New York, pp 591–595Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bernstein RM, Rassman WR (2004) Hair transplantation, 4th edn. 12AA. The rationale for follicular unit transplantation. Dekker, New York, pp 388–408Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bernstein RM, Rassman WR (2007) Densitometer and video-microscopy. Hair Transplant Forum Int 17:41–51Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wolfram LJ, Dika E, Maibach HI, et al (1997) Ethnic skin and hair: hair anthropology. Informa Healthcare USA, New York, pp 55–77Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jung-Chul Kim
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Immunology, School of MedicineKyungpook National UniversityDaeguKorea
  2. 2.Hair Transplantation CenterKyungpook National University HospitalKorea

Personalised recommendations