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The Wheezing Infant and Young Child

  • Peter J. Helms
Part of the Allergy Frontiers book series (ALLERGY, volume 5)

Although the notion that childhood wheezing illnesses, particularly those presenting in infancy and early childhood (children less than 5 yrs), may have different causes is not new, studies in recent years have revealed and rediscovered a number of distinct wheezing conditions in this early phase of life [1] (Table 1). The highest prevalence of recurrent wheezing is found in the first years of life and according to long-term population-related prospective birth cohort studies, up to 50% of all infants and children below the age of 3 years will have at least one such episode [2]. Wheezing in this early period of life is often transient, and 60% of children with mild intermittent infantile wheeze will become asymptomatic in later childhood [3].

On the other hand infants with more severe recurrent wheezing have a higher risk of developing persistent asthma particularly if they are also atopic [4]. However, both the incidence and period prevalence of wheezing decreases significantly with increasing child age [5].

Keywords

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Allergy Clin Immunol Respir Crit Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection Airway Remodel 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter J. Helms
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Child HealthUniversity of AberdeenUK
  2. 2.Royal Aberdeen Children's HospitalAberdeenUK

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