Birth Cohort Studies for the Prevention of Allergy: New Perspectives—Where Do We Go from Now?

  • Mascha Rochat
  • Erika von Mutius
Part of the Allergy Frontiers book series (ALLERGY, volume 5)

There has been an increase in the prevalence of asthma and other allergic diseases in both industrialized and developing countries over the past decades [1]. In population based studies, prevalence estimates of asthma, atopic dermatitis, and allergic rhinitis vary from 7–10%, 15–20%, and 15–20%, respectively [2, 3], and different increase rates of each of these diseases have been reported in countries around the world [1, 4]. The reasons for this increase are still largely unknown, but interactions between various types of environmental exposures in populations with distinct genetic backgrounds have been proposed [1]. Allergic diseases have therefore become a major public health problem as well as a burden to health care resources, and they not only adversely affect the quality of life of millions of children and adults, but most importantly can be life-threatening in their most severe form. An urgent need to formulate strategies, leading to a reduction of their morbidity and mortality is thus required. This reduction could be achieved through primary or secondary prevention, and much research in both areas has been undertaken.


Atopic Dermatitis Birth Cohort Allergic Rhinitis Allergic Disease Fluticasone Propionate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mascha Rochat
    • 1
  • Erika von Mutius
    • 1
  1. 1.University Children's HospitalMunichGermany

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