Megacities pp 195-222 | Cite as

Strategic Planning for London: Integrating City Design and Urban Transportation

Part of the Library for Sustainable Urban Regeneration book series (LSUR, volume 10)


Over the last decade, London has reformed strategic planning more than any other mature western city of similar size. In 2000, the U.K. government created the Greater London Authority (GLA), including a directly elected mayor, ending a 15-year period without any citywide government. As a consequence, urban planning and transport have been upgraded by a strategic citywide plan, the London Plan, and a multi-modal transport agency, Transport for London. Both offer an interesting example of how a city that had abandoned citywide planning is rediscovering strategic planning as an important tool for sustainable urban development. The city’s congestion charge is as much part of this strategy as are more progressive approaches to implement higher residential density levels. This essay examines London’s current urban development strategies, which aim to achieve greater integration of urban planning, design, and transportation and offers reflections on the successes and problems that have emerged since implementing this important reform.


Spatial Planning Expert Interview Senior Officer Urban Planner Green Belt 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This essay was prepared as part of comparative research on Integrated City Making currently conducted by the Urban Age Programme at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). Urban Age is a joint initiative of LSE and Deutsche Bank’s Alfred Herrhausen Society investigating the future of cities.

The author would like to thank all key stakeholders and experts who were interviewed as part of the research. Special thanks also to Julie Wagner, Richard Brown, Christos Konstantinou, Kay Kitazawa, and Richard Simpson for their support and feedback.


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Copyright information

© Springer 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Urban Age ProgrammeLondon School of Economics and Political ScienceLondonUK

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