Megacities pp 15-41 | Cite as

Tokyo’s Urban Growth, Urban Form and Sustainability

  • Junichiro Okata
  • Akito Murayama
Part of the Library for Sustainable Urban Regeneration book series (LSUR, volume 10)


Tokyo, the largest mega-region in the world so far with 35 million inhabitants in 2007, has experienced a rapid growth in the twentieth century with various issues associated with urban form and urban environment. Some issues were solved and others remain to be solved. If Tokyo is evaluated as one of the most efficient, productive and sustainable mega-regions in the world, it is the result of rapid urban growth and development in the twentieth century. After that, Tokyo has been facing new challenges as it left the phase of rapid growth and entered the phase of no- or low-growth, depopulating and aging society. In this respect, Tokyo is a leading or an instructive mega-region in the world. At the same time, Tokyo must take part in the global effort to achieve sustainability. This chapter focuses on the history of Tokyo’s urban growth, the diversity of urban form issues in Tokyo, some previous successes in solving urban environmental problems and some new challenges facing efforts to enhance urban sustainability.


Urban Sprawl Urban Space Tokyo Metropolitan Environmental Quality Standard Housing Estate 
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Copyright information

© Springer 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Urban Engineering School of EngineeringThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Engineering and Architecture Graduate School of Environmental StudiesNagoya UniversityNagoya CityJapan

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