Regulation Effects by Programmed Molecules for Transcription-Based Diagnostic Automata towards Therapeutic Use

  • Miki Hirabayashi
  • Hirotada Ohashi
  • Tai Kubo
Conference paper
Part of the Proceedings in Information and Communications Technology book series (PICT, volume 1)


We have presented experimental analysis on the controllability of our transcription-based diagnostic biomolecular automata by programmed molecules. Focusing on the noninvasive transcriptome diagnosis by salivary mRNAs, we already proposed the novel concept of diagnostic device using DNA computation. This system consists of the main computational element which has a stem shaped promoter region and a pseudo-loop shaped read-only memory region for transcription regulation through the conformation change caused by the recognition of disease-related biomarkers. We utilize the transcription of malachite green aptamer sequence triggered by the target recognition for observation of detection. This algorithm makes it possible to release RNA-aptamer drugs multiply, different from the digestion-based systems by the restriction enzyme which was proposed previously, for the in-vivo use, however, the controllability of aptamer release is not enough at the previous stage. In this paper, we verified the regulation effect on aptamer transcription by programmed molecules in basic conditions towards the developm! ent of therapeutic automata. These results would bring us one step closer to the realization of new intelligent diagnostic and therapeutic automata based on molecular circuits.


Biomolecular computing nucleic acid detection systems DNA computing molecular programming autonomous diagnostic devices molecular circuits 


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Copyright information

© Springer Tokyo 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miki Hirabayashi
    • 1
  • Hirotada Ohashi
    • 1
  • Tai Kubo
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Quantum Engineering and Systems ScienceThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Neuroscience Research InstituteNational Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)TsukubaJapan

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