Sound Sensitivity of the Vestibular End-Organs and Sound-Evoked Vestibulocollic Reflexes in Mammals


Tullio first reported that surgical fenestration of the bony labyrinth in avians and mammals made the labyrinth sound-sensitive [1-3]. This phenomenon-sound sensitivity of the vestibular system-has been known as the Tullio phenomenon [3, 4]. Bekesy reported head movements in response to relatively loud sounds [3, 5] and suggested that this effect might be caused by stimulation of the otolith organs.


Hair Cell Vestibular Nucleus Vestibular Nerve Vestibular Neuron Vestibular Evoke Myogenic Potential 
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