Vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP) are responses in the muscles, especially cervical muscles such as the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM), to sound, vibration, or electrical stimulation (Fig. 1). Because it seemed that VEMP could be used for clinical tests of the vestibular end-organs, especially the saccule, it attracted the interest of clinicians and scientists. There had been no other clinical test of the saccule that was applicable at common clinics. Now much has been published about VEMP, and many clinicians use this test. VEMP is one of the most important advances in clinical neurophysiology of the vestibular system.
KeywordsVestibular System Sternocleidomastoid Muscle Acoustic Neuroma Vestibular Nerve Vestibular Evoke Myogenic Potential
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
Colebatch JG, Halmagyi GM (1992) Vestibular evoked potentials in human neck muscles before and after unilateral vestibular deafferentation. Neurology 42:1635–1636PubMedGoogle Scholar
Bickford RG, Jacobson JL, Cody DT (1964) Nature of average evoked potentials to sound and other stimuli in man. Ann NY Acad Sci 112:204–223PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cody DT, Jacobson JL, Walker JC, et al (1964) Averaged evoked myogenic and cortical potentials to sound in man. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 73:763–777PubMedGoogle Scholar
Colebatch JG, Halmagyi GM, Skuse NF (1994) Myogenic potentials generated by a click-evoked vestibulocollic reflex. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 57:190–197PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
McCue MP, Guinan JJ Jr (1995) Spontaneous activity and frequency selectivity of acoustically responsive vestibular afferents in the cat. J Neurophysiol 74:1563–1572PubMedGoogle Scholar
McCue MP, Guinan JJ Jr (1997) Sound-evoked activity in primary afferent neurons of a mammalian vestibular system. Am J Otol 18:355–360PubMedGoogle Scholar
Murofushi T, Curthoys IS, Topple AN, et al (1995) Responses of guinea pig primary vestibular neurons to clicks. Exp Brain Res 103:174–178PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Murofushi T, Curthoys IS, Gilchrist DP (1996) Response of guinea pig vestibular nucleus neurons to clicks. Exp Brain Res 111:149–152PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Murofushi T, Curthoys IS (1997) Physiological and anatomical study of click-sensitive primary vestibular afferents in the guinea pig. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 117:66–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Murofushi T, Halmagyi GM, Yavor RA, et al (1996) Absent vestibular evoked potentials in vestibular neurolabyrinthitis: an indicator of involvement of the inferior vestibular nerve? Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 122:845–848PubMedGoogle Scholar
Murofushi T, Matsuzaki M, Mizuno M (1998) Vestibular evoked myogenic potentials in patients with acoustic neuromas. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 124:509–512PubMedGoogle Scholar