Further Effects of Alternative Biocides on Aquatic Organisms
In Chapter 21, we used publicly available data to review progress in research on the toxicity of several of the alternative biocides on the list (ref. Table 21.1) of those registered and approved by the Japan Paint Manufacturers' Association, especially in plankton species and teleost fish. In the first section of this chapter, we review the toxicity of several of these listed alternative biocides, particularly to marine organisms other than plankton and teleost fish. In the next section, the discussion of sublethal effects of the alternative biocides is divided into two subsections. In the first subsection, teratogenicity to fish, which is exhibited by dithiocarbamates (DTCs) as well as by zinc pyrithione (ZnPT) and copper pyrithione (CuPT) and related products is the main feature reviewed. In the second subsection, the toxic effects of herbicides such as Irgarol 1051 and diuron on corals are reviewed. Additionally, in this subsection, the physiological changes reported in some fish species exposed to these biocides are discussed.
KeywordsRainbow Trout Fundulus Heteroclitus Lower Observe Effect Concentration Lower Observe Effect Concentration Zinc Pyrithione
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