Organotins (OTs) are used in a variety of consumer and industrial products such as marine antifouling paints, agricultural pesticides, preservatives, and plastic stabilizers. In particular, butyltins (BTs) and phenyltins (PTs) have been extensively used in boat paints because of their excellent and long-lasting antifouling properties. However, it is well known that BTs and PTs leaching from boats can accumulate in tissues of aquatic organisms causing various deleterious effects.

To understand the contamination status of OTs from fresh water to deep sea ecosystems, various fish species are used as bioindicators. Furthermore, many fish species are economically important as food, thus, to examine the pollution level is mandatory to evaluate risk assessment for human consumption as well as understanding aquatic contamination levels and bioaccumulation.


Bluefin Tuna Organotin Compound Skipjack Tuna Blue Shark Butyltin Compound 
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© Springer 2009

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  • Takaomi Arai

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