The Shallow Groundwater Environment and the Risk of Soil Liquefaction

  • Takeshi Hayashi
Part of the cSUR-UT Series: Library for Sustainable Urban Regeneration book series (LSUR, volume 2)


Various human activities connected with urbanisation and industrialisation impact the shallow groundwater environment. For example, shallow groundwater can be contaminated by domestic wastewater, industrial effluents and waste directly as seepage from the surface and on-site sanitation systems, such as septic tanks and cesspits, or by leakage from sewer pipes. The impermeabilisation of the land surface decreases the volume of infiltration. On the other hand, water main leakage and wastewater seepage recharge shallow groundwater. These anthropogenic groundwater sources strongly affect the subsurface water balance in urban areas.


Pore Water Pressure Groundwater Table Shallow Groundwater Tokyo Metropolitan Pile Foundation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Takeshi Hayashi
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Education and Human StudiesAkita UniversityAkitaJapan

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