Groundwater Potential in the Central District of Tokyo

  • Tomochika Tokunaga
Part of the cSUR-UT Series: Library for Sustainable Urban Regeneration book series (LSUR, volume 2)


Tokyo, the capital of Japan, is situated in the south-western part of the Kanto Plain, a large, flat plain with an area of approximately 16,000 km2 (Fig. 4.1). The underground environment beneath the central district of Tokyo has been changing dramatically in accordance with the continuous increase and heavy use of underground space. Because of the complex interaction between the change of the groundwater environment and human activities underground, society has been affected in various ways. This chapter describes the temporal change of the groundwater environment and associated problems in the central district of Tokyo. Then, new techniques that are considered to be usable for the strategic management of groundwater resources are briefly presented. We believe that transferring our experience regarding the central districts of Tokyo to presently developing and expanding urban areas in the similar geological/hydrogeological settings, i.e., Bangkok, Hanoi and so on, is crucial to achieve sustainable urban development.


Groundwater Level Pore Water Pressure Land Subsidence Unconfined Aquifer Groundwater Potential 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tomochika Tokunaga
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environment Systemsthe University of TokyoTokyoJapan

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