Advertisement

Groundwater Resources in Urban Water Management

  • Yanjun Shen
  • Taikan Oki
Part of the cSUR-UT Series: Library for Sustainable Urban Regeneration book series (LSUR, volume 2)

Abstract

During the twentieth century, the world’s urban population increased more than tenfold, while rural population increased only twofold (United Nations, 2004). Today, nearly half the world’s population lives in urban areas compared to less than 15% in 1900, and the absolute number of people living in urban areas amounted to 3.04 billion in 2003 (United Nations, 2004). Water use in urban areas is directly related to economic development, social prosperity, and environmental conservation. Accompanying urbanisation or urban population growth, the water supply in urban areas has also increased rapidly. According to United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (UN-FAO) statistics, worldwide water usage for domestic and industrial purposes were 380 and 770 km3, respectively, in 2000. Different from UN-FAO statistics, (2006) estimated the global urban domestic water use in the world as 230 km3/year, about 60.5% of the total domestic water use in 2000. If industrial demand is also accounted for, total urban water use would be much higher, amounting to 1000 km3/y globally in 2000. Thus, providing sufficient water has become a big problem for urban water management.

Keywords

Groundwater Resource Land Subsidence Urban Water North China Plain Urban Water Supply 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bengtsson M, Shen Y, Aramaki T (2006) A global view of domestic water use: grid-simulation of the current situation. In: Proceedings of the 3rd APHW, ST1-04-A23-065-1156831475 (CD-ROM)Google Scholar
  2. China Geo-Environmental Monitoring Institute (2006) Important advances in survey and monitoring of land subsidence over North China Plain (2003–2005) (in Chinese). Geo-technical reportGoogle Scholar
  3. Foster S, Lawrence A, Morris B (1998) Groundwater in urban development: Assessing management needs and formulating policy strategies. World Bank technical paper No. 390Google Scholar
  4. Hagget P (1972) Geography: a modern synthesis. Harper&Row Publishers Inc, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. Johnson JH (1967) Urban geography. Pergamon Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  6. Kitaoka K (1988) A model of quality distribution in groundwater with reference to natural tritium concentration (in Japanese). J Groundwater Hydrology 30:77–93Google Scholar
  7. Lazaro TR (1979) Urban hydrology: a multidisciplinary perspective. Ann Arbor Science Publishers Inc, MichiganGoogle Scholar
  8. Mazari M, Mackay DM (1993) Potential for groundwater contamination in Mexico City. Environmental Science&Technology 27:749–802Google Scholar
  9. Rugg DS (1972) Spatial foundations of urbanism. William C BrownGoogle Scholar
  10. Shen, Y (2004) Study on hydrological processes of land and atmospheric system in semiarid agricultural region Ph.D. Thesis, Chiba University, JapanGoogle Scholar
  11. Shen Y, Oki T, Utsumi N, Kanae S, Hanasaki N (2007) Projection of future world water resources under SRES scenarios: 1, Water withdrawal. Hydrological Sciences Journal, in pressGoogle Scholar
  12. Shen Y, Tang C, Xiao J., Oki T, Kanae S (2005) Effects of urbanization on water resource development and its problems in Shijiazhuang, China. In: Sustainable water management solutions for large cities. IAHS Publ No. 293, pp 280–288Google Scholar
  13. Sun J, Qi J, Yin Z, Zhang S, Jia X (1999) Environmental isotope study on groundwater circulation affected by global change and human activities in Quaternary aquifers of North China Plain. In: Proceedings of International Symposium on groundwater in environmental Problems, Chiba University, Japan, pp 141–143Google Scholar
  14. Tang C, Chen J, Shen Y (2003) Long term effect of wastewater irrigation on nitrate in groundwater in the North China Plain. In: Steenvoorden J, Endreny T (eds) Wastewater re-use and groundwater quality. IAHS Publ No. 285, pp 34–40Google Scholar
  15. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (2004) Urban and rural areas 2003 (table), population studies, No. 231 (http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/wup2003/2003UrbanRural2003_Web.xls)
  16. Xiao J, Shen Y, Ge J, Tateishi R, Tang C, Liang Y, Huang Z (2006) Evaluating urban expansion and land use change in Shijiazhuang, China, by using GIS and remote sensing. Landscape and Urban Planning 75:69–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yanjun Shen
    • 1
  • Taikan Oki
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre for Agricultural Resources ResearchChinese Academy of SciencesChina
  2. 2.Institute of Industrial Sciencethe University of TokyoTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations