Advertisement

Introduction

  • Satoshi Takizawa
Part of the cSUR-UT Series: Library for Sustainable Urban Regeneration book series (LSUR, volume 2)

Abstract

Ancient human settlements were often established where there were artesian wells and springs. Ever since, people’s lives in towns and cities around the world have been supported by groundwater. It was in the 20th century, however, that groundwater over-abstraction brought about problems such as depletion of groundwater resources and serious land subsidence. In dry regions like some parts of China, India and United States, agriculture has used the largest amount of groundwater. However, in countries where agriculture is more dependent on rainfall and irrigation systems, groundwater is exploited extensively by industries and urban development. In Japan, groundwater over-abstraction had become a serious environmental concern by the 1960s because it had brought about extensive land subsidence in the major cities. For example, in the Koto Delta region in Tokyo, the land has subsided over four metres since 1900.

Keywords

Groundwater Resource Land Subsidence Groundwater Contamination Water Supply System Groundwater Abstraction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Satoshi Takizawa
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Urban Engineeringthe University of TokyoTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations