Holistic Approaches for Impact Assessment in Urban Environmental Management
In order to create a better urban environment, various measures which aim to reduce environmental burdens and mitigate specific environmental impacts should be conducted. However these measures often shift environmental burdens to other areas or other fields, or create new burdens to the environment. Therefore, we need to grasp various environmental impacts which may be caused by these measures holistically, and choose appropriate measures for sustainable management of the urban environment. This chapter introduces several tools and approaches for a holistic assessment of the environmental impact of urban environmental management.
KeywordsLife Cycle Assessment Municipal Solid Waste Global Warming Potential Life Cycle Impact Assessment Source Separation
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Graedel TE, Allenby BR (2003) Industrial ecology, Prentice Hall, New JerseyGoogle Scholar
- Ministry of Environment, Japan (2003) White paper on Sound material-cycle society (in Japanese), FY2003 editionGoogle Scholar
- Brunner PH, Rechberger H (2003) Practical handbook of material flow analysis, Lewis Publishers, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Brunner PH, Baccini P (1992) Regional material management and environmental protection, Waste Management and Research, 10: 203–212Google Scholar
- Aramaki T, Thuy NTT (2006) Estimation of nitrogen and phosphorus flows by Material Flow Analysis in Haiphong city, Vietnam, Proc. 34th Annual Meeting of Environmental Systems Research, Japan Society of Civil Engineers, pp 45–52Google Scholar
- Wenzel, H. (1997) Environmental assessment of products 1997–1998. Michael Hauschild and Leo Alting, London: Chapman & HallGoogle Scholar
- Goedkoop M and Spriensma R (2001) The Eco-indicator 99—A damage oriented method for Life Cycle Assessment—methodology report PRe Consultants B. V.Google Scholar
- Istubo N, Inaba A (2004) LIME-A Comprehensive Japanese LCIA Methodology based on Endpoint Modeling-: Proc. of the 6th International Conference on EcoBalance, pp 87–88Google Scholar
- Murray CJL, Lopez AD (1996) The global burden of disease; a comprehensive assessment of mortality and disability from disease, injury, and risk factors in 1990 and projected to 2020, Global burden of disease and injury series, vol I, WHO/Harvard University PressGoogle Scholar
- Freeman III AM (2003) The measurement of environmental and resource values: Theory and Methods, Resources for the Future, Washington DCGoogle Scholar
- Saaty TL (1980) The Analytic Hierarchy Process: Planning, Priority Setting and Resource Allocation, McGraw-HillGoogle Scholar
- Nakatani J, Aramaki T, Hanaki K (2007) Integrated assessment based on cost-benefit analysis considering the preferences for multi-aspect impacts (in Japanese), Environmental Science, 20: in pressGoogle Scholar