Management of Urban Heat Environment

  • Yasunobu Ashie
Part of the cSUR-UT Series: Library for Sustainable Urban Regeneration book series (LSUR, volume 1)


The urban heat island effect describes a phenomenon in which urban temperatures exceed those of areas outside the city, as shown in Figure 12.1. When contour lines of the temperatures are drawn on a horizontal plane, the resulting figure appears like an island in the middle of an ocean, hence the term “heat island.” The urban heat island effect was first observed in London in the 19th century [1], and there have since been numerous observations of heat islands in cities around the globe. Urban heat islands are most prominent at night during clear weather with low winds. While urban heat islands are often considered to be a problem during summer months, it is actually often during the winter when the effect is most pronounced.


Urban Heat Island Urban Heat Island Effect Urban Canopy Model Annual Minimum Temperature Tropical Night 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    Landsberg HE (1981) The urban climate Academic pressGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    M. Moriyama: “Heat island countermeasures and technologies” (Hi-to airando taisaku to gijutsu), Gakugei Shuppan Sha Co., Ltd. 2004.8Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport/Ministry of the Environment: “2003 Investigative report into restricting anthropogenic heat emissions as a countermeasure to the urban heat island effect in cities” (Heisei 15 nendo toshi ni okeru jinko-hainetsu yokusei ni yoru hi-to airando taisaku chosa hokokusho), 2004.3Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Y. Ashie, S. Yoon: Examination on the influence of the development of a high-rise building on air temperature distribution by means of floor-heated wind tunnel test (Yukamen wo kanetsu shita fudojikken ni yoru tatemono no kosoka ga kion bunpu ni oyobosu eikyo ni kan suru kento), Journal of Environmental Engineering, Architectural Institute of Japan, No. 579, 2004.5, 67–71Google Scholar
  5. [6]
    Ministry of the Environment: 2000 Report on state of analysis and counter-measures of the urban heat island effect (expanded edition), 2001.10Google Scholar
  6. [7]
    Cited in [6] aboveGoogle Scholar
  7. [8]
    Infectious Agents Surveillance Report, Vol. 25, No.2 (No. 288) Infectious Disease Surveillance Center, 2004.2Google Scholar
  8. [9]
    M. Kobayashi, N. Nihei and T. Kurihara: Analysis of northern distribution of Aedes albopictus (Diptera Culicidae) in Japan by geographical information system. Journal Medical Entomology, 39(1), 2002, 4–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [10]
    Y. ASHIE, M. TANAKA, T. YAMAMOTO: Order analysis on the exhaustion of building equipment considering the origin of natural and machinery system (Research on the thermal metabolism of large scale buildings Part 1) (Shizenkei oyobi kikikei no yurai wo koryo shita kenchikusetsubi no hainetsu no oda bunseki—daikibo tatemono no netsutaisha tokusei ni kansuru kenkyu Sono 1), Technical Journal of The Society of Heating, Air-Conditioning and Sanitary Engineers of Japan, 2004.9, 1059–1062Google Scholar
  10. [11]
    T. KONO, Y. ASHIE, S. YOON, H. LI: CFD analysis of airflow and temperature at the urban scale by a 5 m resolution (Toshi-sukeru wo taisho toshita 5 m messhu kaizodo ni yoru fusoku/kionba no CFD kaiseki), 18th Symposium for the Japan Association of Wind Engineering, 2004.12, 117–120.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yasunobu Ashie
    • 1
  1. 1.Designated Visiting Researcher CoursesThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations