Management of Urban Heat Environment
The urban heat island effect describes a phenomenon in which urban temperatures exceed those of areas outside the city, as shown in Figure 12.1. When contour lines of the temperatures are drawn on a horizontal plane, the resulting figure appears like an island in the middle of an ocean, hence the term “heat island.” The urban heat island effect was first observed in London in the 19th century , and there have since been numerous observations of heat islands in cities around the globe. Urban heat islands are most prominent at night during clear weather with low winds. While urban heat islands are often considered to be a problem during summer months, it is actually often during the winter when the effect is most pronounced.
KeywordsUrban Heat Island Urban Heat Island Effect Urban Canopy Model Annual Minimum Temperature Tropical Night
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