Evolutionary Morphology of the Autonomic Cardiac Nervous System in Non-human Primates and Humans

  • Tomokazu Kawashima
  • Hiroshi Sasaki


The autonomic cardiac nervous system (ACNS) is responsible for important cardiac functions, such as heart pulse, heart contraction, heart pressure, and cardiac pain delivery. Therefore, many studies of the ACNS from viewpoints of the clinical anatomy and functional analyses using experimental animals have been conducted.


Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Subclavian Artery Superior Cervical Ganglion Thoracic Ganglion Sympathetic Trunk 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tomokazu Kawashima
    • 1
  • Hiroshi Sasaki
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anatomy, School of MedicineTokyo Women’s Medical UniversityTokyoJapan

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