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Locomotion-related Femoral Trabecular Architectures in Primates — High Resolution Computed Tomographies and Their Implications for Estimations of Locomotor Preferences of Fossil Primates

  • Heike Scherf

Abstract

Bones and teeth are often the only preserved items of extinct animals. Soft tissue remnants, stomach contents or tracks are only preserved under specific embedding and fossilization conditions. As palaeontology seeks to understand how extinct creatures appeared and existed, fossil bone provides the best source of information for reconstructions of fossil species. Additional information about the ecology of extinct animals may be gained from the embedding sediment and associated plant fossils. Since the beginning of palaeontology, the form and locomotor features of extinct animals were inferred from the external characteristics and proportions of their bones. For locomotor studies, their bone surface morphologies and proportions were compared with those of extant animals, with special attention to locomotor relevant features. This kind of comparative analyses may encounter difficulties if the fossil species practiced a unique locomotor pattern which can not be compared with locomotor patterns in extant forms (Day 1979).

Keywords

Femoral Head Trabecular Bone Cancellous Bone Hind Limb High Resolution Compute Tomography 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heike Scherf
    • 1
  1. 1.Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary AnthropologyLeipzigGermany

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