The Anatomical Foundation for Multidisciplinary Studies of Animal Limb Function: Examples from Dinosaur and Elephant Limb Imaging Studies

  • John R. Hutchinson
  • Charlotte Miller
  • Guido Fritsch
  • Thomas Hildebrandt


What makes so many animals, living and extinct, so popular and distinct is anatomy; it is what leaps out at a viewer first whether they observe a museum’s mounted Tyrannosaurus skeleton or an elephant placidly browsing on the savannah. Anatomy alone can make an animal fascinating — so many animals are so physically unlike human observers, yet what do these anatomical differences mean for the lives of animals?


Asian Elephant African Elephant Extant Bird Ornithischian Dinosaur Phalangeal Formula 
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Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • John R. Hutchinson
    • 1
  • Charlotte Miller
    • 1
  • Guido Fritsch
    • 2
  • Thomas Hildebrandt
    • 2
  1. 1.Structure and Motion Laboratory, Department of Veterinary Basic Sciences, The Royal Veterinary CollegeUniversity of LondonHatfieldUK
  2. 2.Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research (IZW)BerlinGermany

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