Rodent seed hoarding and regeneration of Aesculus turbinata: patterns, processes and implications

  • Kazuhiko Hoshizaki


Tree regeneration is often limited by seed abundance, herbivore activities, and microhabitat suitability (Crawley 2000). In montaneous riparian habitats, tree seedling establishment often depends on particular microhabitats associated with the disturbance regime (e.g. gravel debris and mineral soil exposure, Sakio 1997; Kubo et al. 2000; Masaki et al. 2007). However, the Japanese horsechestnut, Aesculus turbinata Blume (Hippocastanaceae) is a tree species that is common in montane riparian forests but does not appear to have particular requirements for establishment. The reproductive traits of this species are characterized by conspicuously large inflorescences and extremely large seeds (21g in fresh weight and 6.2 g in dry weight). In general, large seeds provide a greater chance of seedling establishment through persistence under shade and resistance to disease (Westoby et al. 1992).


Seed Dispersal Riparian Forest Large Seed Source Tree Seed Shadow 
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© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kazuhiko Hoshizaki
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological EnvironmentAkita Prefectural UniversityAkitaJapan

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