Diversity of forest floor vegegation with landform type

  • Motohiro Kawanishi
  • Hitoshi Sakio
  • Keiichi Ohno


Two functional groups occur in the forest herbaceous layer: resident species and transient species (Gilliam & Roberts 2003). Resident species have life-history characteristics that confine them to aboveground strata of the herb layer. In contrast, transient species occur temporarily in the herb layer because they have the potential to grow taller, into higher strata. Thus, resident species include annuals, perennials, and small shrubs, whereas transient species include large shrubs and trees. Tree species’ distributions are generally limited by various combinations of disturbances (Loehle 2000), but trees have the potential for rapid migration (Clark 1998). In contrast, the distributions of herbaceous plants are determined by the availability of suitable habitats, the likelihood of seed dispersal to these habitats, and successful germination of seeds and subsequent growth (Ehrlen & Eriksson 2000; Gilliam & Roberts 2003). In this chapter, we discuss the species diversity of herbaceous species as a community composed of resident species.


Debris Flow Forest Floor Riparian Forest Riparian Area Vegetative Reproduction 
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Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Motohiro Kawanishi
    • 1
  • Hitoshi Sakio
    • 2
  • Keiichi Ohno
    • 3
  1. 1.Open Research Center, Graduate school of Geo-Environmental ScienceRissho UniversityKunagaya, SaitamaJapan
  2. 2.Saitama Prefecture Agriculture & Forestry Research CenterKumagaya, SaitamaJapan
  3. 3.Faculty of Environment and Information ScienceYokohama National UniversityYokohama, KanagawaJapan

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