Diversity of tree species in mountain riparian forest in relation to disturbance-mediated microtopography

  • Takashi Masaki
  • Katsuhiro Osumi
  • Kazuhiko Hoshizaki
  • Daisuke Hosino
  • Kazunori Takahashi
  • Kenji Matsune
  • Wajiro Suzuki


In riparian forests, concurrent disturbances of the canopy and ground is thought to be responsible for the high hardwood and herb species diversity, both in terms of species richness as well as equitability (Baker 1990; Nillson et al. 1989; Pabst & Spies 1999).


Mature Tree Riparian Forest Riparian Area Forest Product Research Institute Acer Mono 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Baker WL (1990) Species richness of Colorado riparian vegetation. J Veg Sci 1:119–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Clark DB, Palmer MW, Clark DA (1999) Edaphie factors and the landscape-scale distributions of tropical rain forest trees. Ecology 80:2662–2675Google Scholar
  3. Chesson PL (1986) Environmental variation and the coexistence of species. In: Diamond J, Case TJ (eds) Community ecology. Harper & Row, New York, pp 240–256Google Scholar
  4. Hara T, Nishimura N, Yamamoto S (1995) Tree competition and species coexistence in a cool-temperate old-growth forest in southwestern Japan. J Veg Sci 6:565–574CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hoshizaki K, Suzuki W, Sasaki S. (1997) Impacts of secondary seed dispersal and herbivory on Seedling Survival in Aesculus turbinate. J Veg Sci 8:735–742CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hoshizaki K, Suzuki W, Nakashizuka T (1999) Evaluation of secondary dispersal in a large-seeded tree Aesculus turbinata: a test of directed dispersal. Plant Ecol 144:167–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hughes JW, Cass WB (1997) Pattern and process of a floodplain ferest, Vermont, USA: predicted responses of vegetation perturbation. J Appl Ecol 34:594–612CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kaneko Y, Takada T, Kawano S (1999) Population biology of Aesculus turbinata Blume: A demographic analysis using transition matrices on a natural population along a riparian environmental gradient. Plant Species Biol 14:47–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kubo M, Shimano K, Sakio H., Ohno K (2000) Germination sites and establishment conditions of Cercidiphyllum japonicum seedlings in the riparian forest. J Jpn For Soc 82:349–354 (in Japanese with English summary)Google Scholar
  10. Kubo M, Sakio H, Shimano K, Ohno K (2004) Factors influencing seedling emergence and survival in Cercidiphyllum japonicum. Folia Geobot 39:225–234CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Liang SY, Seagle SW (2002) Browsing and microhabitat effects on riparian forest woody seedling demography. Ecology 83:212–227Google Scholar
  12. Masaki T. (2002) Structure and dynamics. In: Nakashizuka T, Matsumoto Y (Eds) Diversity and Interaction in a Temperate Forest Community, Ogawa Forest Reserve. Springer, Tokyo, pp 53–65Google Scholar
  13. Masaki T, Tanaka H. Tanouchi, H, Sakai T, Nakashizuka T (1999) Structure, dynamics and disturbance regine of temperate broad-leaved forests in Japan. J Veg Sci 10:805–814CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Masaki T, Osumi K, Takahashi K, Hoshizaki K. (2005) Seedling dynamics of Acer mono and Fagus crenata: an environmental filter limiting their adult distributions. Plant Ecol 177:189–199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Masaki T, Osumi K, Takahashi K, Hoshizaki K, Matsune K, Suzuki W (2007) Effects of microenvironmental heterogeneity on the seed-to-seedling process and tree coexistence in a riparian forest. Ecol Res 22:724–734CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Metzger JP (1997) Relationships between landscape structure and tree species diversity in tropical forests of South-East Brazil. Landscape Urban Plann 37:29–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Nakamura F, Yajima T, Kikuchi S (1997) Structure and composition of riparian forests with special reference to geomorphic site conditions along the Tokachi River, northern Japan. Plant Ecol 132:209–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Nakashizuka T, Numata M (1982a) Regeneration process of climax beech forests. I. Structure of a beech forest with the undergrowth of Sasa. Jpn J Ecol 32:57–67Google Scholar
  19. Nakashizuka T, Numata M (1982b) Regeneration process of climax beech forests. II. Structure of a forest under the influences of grazing. Jpn J Ecol 32:473–482Google Scholar
  20. Nillson C, Grelsson G, Johansson M, Sperens U (1989) Patterns of plant species richness along riverbanks. Ecology 70:77–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Palmiotto PA, Davies SJ, Vogt KA, Ashton MS, Vogt DJ, Ashton PA (2004) Sooil-related habitat specialization in dipterocarp rain forest tree species in Borneo. J Ecol 92:609–623CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Pollock MM, Naiman RJ, Hanley TA (1998) Plant species richness in riparian wetlands — a test of biodiversity theory. Ecology 79:94–105Google Scholar
  23. Pabst RJ, Spies TA (1999) Structure and composition of unmanaged riparian forests in the coastal mountains of Oregon, U. S. A. Can J For Res 29:1557–1573CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Sakio H (1997) Effects of natural disturbance on the regeneration of riparian forests in a Chichibu Mountains, central Japan. Plant Ecol 132:181–195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Sakio H, Kubo M, Shimano K, Ohno K (2002) Coexistence of three canopy tree species in a riparian forest in the Chichibu Mountains, central Japan. Folia Geobot 37:45–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Suzuki W, Osumi K, Masaki T, Takahashi K, Daimaru H, Hoshizaki K (2002) Disturbance regimes and community structures of a riparian and an adjacent upper terrace stand in the Kanumazawa Riparian Research Forest, northern Japan. For Ecol Manage 157:285–301CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Takashi Masaki
    • 1
  • Katsuhiro Osumi
    • 2
  • Kazuhiko Hoshizaki
    • 3
  • Daisuke Hosino
    • 4
  • Kazunori Takahashi
    • 1
  • Kenji Matsune
    • 5
  • Wajiro Suzuki
    • 1
  1. 1.Forestry and Forest Products Research InstituteTsukuba, IbarakiJapan
  2. 2.Kansai Research CenterForestry and Forest Products Research InstituteKyotoJapan
  3. 3.Akita Prefectural UniversityAkitaJapan
  4. 4.Tohoku Research CenterForestry and Forest Products Research InstituteMoriokaJapan
  5. 5.Sumitomo Forestry Co., LtdIbarakiJapan

Personalised recommendations