Growth and nutrient economy of riparian Salix gracilistyla

  • Akiko Sasaki
  • Takayuki Nakatsubo


Bars are characteristic fluvial landforms created by the deposition of sediment resulting from fluvial processes. In mountainous regions, such as those in Japan, rapid stream flow and occasional flooding often create sandy to gravelly bars, especially in the middle reaches of rivers (Fig. 1), and these bars are important habitats for riparian plants. Drought of the surface soil is important in determining seedling establishment on bars (McLeod & McPherson 1973). Plants that do become established in these habitats are exposed to severe environmental conditions, including occasional submergence and sand burial (Viereck 1970; Walker & Chapin 1986). Plants colonizing these habitats have some ecological traits that help them to tolerate these stresses (White 1979).
Fig. 1

Meandering stream and bars created by deposition of sediment in the middle reaches of the Ohtagawa River in Hiroshima, Japan. Arrow (lower right) shows the flow direction (© Geographical Survey Institute)


Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus Aboveground Biomass Ectomycorrhizal Fungus Arbuscular Mycorrhizae Hyporheic Zone 
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Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akiko Sasaki
    • 1
  • Takayuki Nakatsubo
    • 2
  1. 1.Coastal Environment and Monitoring Research Group, Institute of Geology and GeoinformationNational Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)HiroshimaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Dynamics and Management, Graduate School of Biosphere ScienceHiroshima UniversityHiroshimaJapan

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