Potential of Entomopathogenic Nematodes for Controlling the Japanese Pine Sawyer, Monochamus alternatus
The main vector of the pine wood nematode (PWN), Bursaphelenchus xylophilus is the Japanese pine sawyer beetle Monochamus alternatus (Mamiya and Enda 1972; Morimoto and Iwasaki 1972). Control of M. alternatus is challenging for several reasons. Chemical control of M. alternatus is difficult due to the insect’s behavior and because of environmental and health hazards. The use of many insecticides has led to a high level of resistance in many insect species. Alternative control measures may be practical in such situations.
KeywordsBiological Control Agent Integrate Pest Management Entomopathogenic Nematode Infective Juvenile Pine Wood Nematode
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.