Interactions of Pine Wood Nematodes, Wood-Inhabiting Fungi, and Vector Beetles
The pine wood nematode (PWN), Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, the causal agent of pine wilt disease (Kiyohara and Tokushige 1971), is vectored from wilt-killed to healthy pine trees by cerambycid beetles of the genus Monochamus (Mamiya and Enda 1972; Morimoto and Iwasaki 1972; Linit 1988) and kills healthy trees, but other organisms beside the PWN, pine sawyers and pine trees, are involved in the disease complex.
KeywordsPine Wilt Disease Pine Wood Nematode Bursaphelenchus Xylophilus Pupal Chamber Cerambycid Beetle
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