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Abstract

Soon after Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wood nematode, PWN) was shown to be the causative agent of pine wilt in Japan a pine sawyer beetle, Monochamus alternatus, was identified as its vector (Mamiya and Enda 1972; Morimoto and Iwasaki 1972). Later, in the USA, M. carolinensis was recognized as the primary vector of the PWN (Kondo et al. 1982; Wingfield and Blanchette 1983). Following these discoveries biological studies began on M. alternatus and M. carolinensis.

Keywords

Insect Vector Adult Beetle Spread Pattern Pine Wilt Disease Pine Wood Nematode 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer 2008

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