Social Intelligence in Capuchin Monkeys (Cebus apella)
Asking how socially intelligent capuchin monkeys are seems interesting and important for at least two reasons. The first reason is that they are New World monkeys, and answering this question gives us insights into the origin of this aspect of intelligence in the primate order. This insight is possible because the social intelligence of prosimian species seems quite limited; for instance, there have been no reports of potential cases of deception from the field observations in this group (see Byrne 1995), and triadic interactions seem rare among prosimians despite their apparently social nature (Jolly 1988). Thus, the origin of advanced social intelligence in primates may be traced back at the maximum to the common ancestor between New World monkeys and Old World monkeys that lived about 30–35 million years ago.
KeywordsWorld Monkey Capuchin Monkey Social Intelligence Reciprocal Altruism Reverse Opening
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