The Transcendental Nature of Norms: Infants in Residential Nurseries and Child Adoption

  • Akiko Rakugi


Collaborative practices that bring together researchers and those involved in various activities in research fields fit well within a social constructionist meta-theory. This meta-theory assumes that every action or recognition and its objects are possible only when they are immanent in a collective stream defined as a moving state of the nature of a collectivity that consists of a group of people and their physical and institutional environments. An important point to remember is that the researcher’s action and its objects are neither an exception to, nor exempted from, this. The action of discovering something new as an object is never possible unless it is taken immanently in a collective stream where the researcher is included in the group of people and their environments in a research field (Sugiman 2006).


Exploratory Behavior Adoptive Parent Peculiar Behavior Collaborative Practice Child Adoption 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Amino T, Hagihara H, Kaneko T (1981) Longitudinal research into differences in maternal rearing environment and development during infancy (3) (Nyuyojiki ni okeru boseiteki yoiku kankyo no soi to hattatsu ni kansuru Jyudanteki kenkyu (3)). J Jpn Gen Res Inst Nurt 17:145–153Google Scholar
  2. McNamee S, Gergen KJ (1992) Therapy as social construction. Sage, LondonGoogle Scholar
  3. Osawa M (1990) Comparative sociology of body (Shintai no hikaku-shakaigaku), vol. 1. Keiso-shobo, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  4. Rakugi A (1999) Peculiar behaviors of infants at a residential nursery: a consideration based on a sociological theory of body. In: Sugiman T, Karasawa M, Liu JH, Ward C (Eds) Progress in Asian social psychology, vol. 2. Kyoyook-Kwahak-Sa, Seoul, pp 257–273Google Scholar
  5. Rakugi A (2002) A study on the relation between organizational characteristics of a residential nursery and development of infants (Nyujiin no shudanteki-sosikiteki tokucho to nyuji no hattatsu). Jpn J Exp Soc Psychol 42:23–39Google Scholar
  6. Rakugi A (2003) Discursive strategy for the commitment to adoption with infants who had been reared at residential nurseries: a discourse analysis of a seminar for adoption (Shisetsu de sodaterareta nyuyoji tono yoshi-engumi wo keihatsu suru gensetsu-senryaku: Aru yoshin-koza no jirei-kenkyu). Jpn J Exp Soc Psychol 42:146–165Google Scholar
  7. Rakugi A (2005) Constructing parent and child without blood relationships: a case study on a NPO named “Motherly Network” in Japan (Ketsuen-naki oyako-kankei wo tsukuru nettowaku: NPO-hojin “Wa-no-kai” no jirei-kenkyu). Jpn J Exp Soc Psychol 44:15–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Sato Y (1991) Development of sociality among residential nursery infants (Nyujiinji no shakaisei no hattatsu). In: Shigeta S, Aoyagi H, Tajima N, Yazawa K, (Eds) Developmental psychology of sociality (Shakaisei no Hattatsu Shinrigaku). Fukumura Shuppan, Tokyo, pp 92–101Google Scholar
  9. Sugiman T (2006) Theory in the context of collaborative inquiry. Theory Psychol 16:311–325CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Sugiman T (2007) A theory of norm formation and meaning: Osawa’s theory of body. In: Sugiman T, Gergen K, Wagner W, Yamada Y (Eds) Meaning in action: constructions, narratives and representations. Springer Japan, pp 135–148Google Scholar
  11. Wallon H (1954) Kinesthesie et image visuelle du corps propre chez I’enfant’. Bull Psychol, tome VIIGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akiko Rakugi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Welfare System and Health ScienceOkayama Prefectural UniversityOkayamaJapan

Personalised recommendations