Opposite and Coexistent Dialogues: Repeated Voices and the Side-by-Side Position of Self and Other

  • Yoko Yamada


Mikhail Mikhailovich Bakhtin (1895–1975) theorized that narratives were basically dialogic and polyphonic, and that they were competitive, with multiple voices. In this paper, I call his dialogue based on the opposite relationship of Self and Other “Opposite Dialogue,” and analyze the theoretical relationships of what I call “Coexistent Dialogue,” using discourses from three scenes in Yasuhiro Ozu’s film, Tokyo Story, focusing on repeated voices, side-by-side positions, and harmonious and sympathetic resonance of Self and Other.


Opposite Relationship Back Home Sequential Transfer Multiple Voice Subjunctive Mood 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bakhtin MM (1981) The dialogic imagination: four essays by MM Bakhtin. Holquist M (Ed) Emerson C, Holquist M (Trans). University of Texas Press, AustinGoogle Scholar
  2. Bakhtin MM (1984) Problems of Dostoevsky’s poetics. Emerson C (Ed and Trans). University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis MNGoogle Scholar
  3. Bakhtin MM (1986) Speech genres and other late essays. Emerson C, Holquist M (Eds), McGee VW (Trans). University of Texas Press, AustinGoogle Scholar
  4. Bordwell D (1988) Ozu and the poetics of cinema. British Film Institute, LondonGoogle Scholar
  5. Bruner J (1990) Acts of meaning. Harvard University Press, Cambridge MAGoogle Scholar
  6. Denzin N, Lincoln Y (Eds) (2000) Handbook of qualitative psychology, 2nd edn. Sage, LondonGoogle Scholar
  7. Desser D (Ed) (1997) Ozu’s Tokyo story. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  8. Gergen K (1999) An introduction to social construction. Sage, LondonGoogle Scholar
  9. Holquist M (1990) Dialogism, 2nd edn. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  10. Lakoff G, Johnson M (1980) Metaphors we lived by. University of Chicago Press, Chicago ILGoogle Scholar
  11. Libro Port (Ed) (1984) Ozu Yasujiro Tokyo Story. Libro Port, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  12. Ozu Y, Noda K (2003) Tokyo story. The Ozu/Noda screenplay. (Trans.) Richie D and Klestadt E, Stonebridge Press, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  13. Richie D (1974) Ozu. University of California Press, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  14. Richie D (2003) Introduction. In: Ozu Y, Noda K (1992) Tokyo story: The Ozu/Noda screenplay. (Trans.) Richie D and Klestadt E, Stonebridge Press, Berkeley, pp 7–18Google Scholar
  15. Sato T (1984) Tokyo story. In: Libro Port (Ed) Ozu Yasujiro Tokyo Story. Libro Port, Tokyo, pp 228–247Google Scholar
  16. Schrader P (1972) Transcendental style in film: Ozu, Bresson, Dreyer. Regents of the University of California, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  17. Todorov T (1984) Mikhail Bakhtin: the dialogical principle. Godzich W (Trans). University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis MNGoogle Scholar
  18. Wertsch JV (1991) Voices of the mind: A sociocultural approach to mediated action. Harvard University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  19. Wertsch JV (1998) Mind as action. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  20. Yamada Y (1987) Speech before speech (Kotoba no mae no kotoba). Shinyosha, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  21. Yamada Y (1988) Self wrapped in Mother (Watashi wo tutumu haha narumono). Yuhikaku, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  22. Yamada Y (2004a) Coexistent narrative in Ozu Yasujiro’s film, Tokyo Story: side-by-side position and “Kasane” (coordinate) conversation. Qual Res Psychol 3:130–156Google Scholar
  23. Yamada Y (2004b) The generative life cycle model: integration of Japanese folk images and generativity. In: de St Aubin E, McAdams DP, Kim TC (Eds) The generative society: caring for future generations. American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, pp 97–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Yamada Y, Kato Y (2006b) Directionality of development and the Ryoko model: reply to four commentaries. Cult Psychol 12:260–272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Yamada Y, Kato Y (2004) Japanese students’ depictions of the soul after death: towards a psychological model of cultural representations. In: Formanek S, Lafleur W (Eds) Practicing the afterlife: perspectives from Japan. Verlag der Osterreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Vienna, pp 417–438Google Scholar
  26. Yamada Y, Kato Y (2006a) Images of circular time and spiral repetition: the generative life cycle model. Cult Psychol 12:143–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yoko Yamada
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of EducationKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

Personalised recommendations