Use of Municipal Waste Island for New Urban Development

  • Ikuo Towhata
Part of the cSUR-UT Series: Library for Sustainable Urban Regeneration book series (LSUR, volume 4)
Waste material is generally classified into four categories:
  1. 1.

    Municipal waste produced by citizens and that includes food, paper, and plastics.

  2. 2.

    Industrial waste that consists of oil, chemical materials, and the like, which is sometimes hazardous to human health.

  3. 3.

    Medical waste, which is also known as a dangerous material.

  4. 4.

    Nuclear waste, which is extremely harmful for people and environment.


The present section concerns municipal waste, which has the largest volume among the above-mentioned kinds of waste

From the environmental and resource-saving viewpoints, the three-R principle has been proposed for handling the ever-increasing municipal waste. Three Rs mean Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle. “Reduce” stands for decreasing the amount of waste as much as possible. “Reuse” means using resources as much as possible; its example being writing on both sides of paper. “Recycle” attempts to use waste materials for other purposes such as converting waste papers to toilet tissue.


Urban Development Municipal Waste Plastic Waste Ground Subsidence Volume Contraction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. Shimizu, K., Ebina, S., Saito, S. and Mizukoshi, K. (1989) “Geotechnical Study of Refuse Landfill in Tokyo Port (10)—Subsidence of Refuse Landfill”, Proceedings of 24th Japan National Conference Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, 1: 149–150.Google Scholar
  2. Ritzkowski, M. and Stegmann, R. (2005) Mechanisms affecting the leachate quality in the course of landfill in situ aeration, in Proceedings Sardinia 2005 – 10th International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, 417–418.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ikuo Towhata
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringThe University of TokyoBunkyo-kuJapan

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