Distribution and Epidemiology

  • Hajime Tokuda


Improvement in the detection of Alicyclobacillus species has lead to many more reports of the isolation of Alicyclobacillus from various environments, including spoiled fruit juices. The accumulation of these case studies has provided us with more extensive epidemiological information. In the course of investigating the cause of such cases and identifying appropriate measures to eliminate them, we have come to a better understanding of the characteristics of Alicyclobacillus with regard to beverage production. This chapter describes the epidemiology of Alicyclobacillus, in relation to their distribution in soil environments (primary distribution), then the secondary distribution in fruit juice or the manufacturing environment.


Fruit Juice Bacillus Coagulans Primary Distribution Secondary Distribution Orange Grove 
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Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hajime Tokuda
    • 1
  1. 1.Safety and Microbial Control Research CenterKao Corp.Japan

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