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Metabolic Derangement and Cell Damage in Cerebral Ischemia with Emphasis on Protein and Nucleic Acid Metabolism

  • Takehiko Yanagihara

Abstract

Brain resuscitation is an important issue in a clinical practice dealing with patients with cardiac arrest, asphyxia and stroke. Since an increasing number of patients with cardiac arrest have been resuscitated successfully, prevention and treatment of postischemic damage associated with cardiac arrest should be addressed critically. If the thrombolytic agents such as a tissue-type plasminogen activator and streptokinase prove to be safe and effective to recanalize the thrombosed cerebral arteries, prevention of post-reperfusion damage will become an important issue. While the advances in modern technology, such as positron emission tomography and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, have provided us opportunities to study metabolic derangements associated with cerebral ischemia and hypoxia, in some instances involving human patients, such investigations immediately after cardiac arrest or stroke are often technically difficult and may be unethical. Therefore, we have to rely on animal models to clarify the molecular mechanism for selective cerebral tissue vulnerability and to find rational ways to resuscitate damaged brains. In this presentation, I will first review animal experimental models and metabolic derangements associated with cerebral ischemia and hypoxia, and then review protein and RNA metabolism during and following cerebral ischemia and hypoxia, as well as their relationship to various metabolic derangements. Finally, I will discuss some aspects of structural damage which may be related to suppression of protein synthesis and intracellular transport.

Keywords

Cerebral Ischemia Metabolic Derangement Cereb Blood Flow Ischemic Period Carotid Occlusion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Takehiko Yanagihara
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurologyMayo Clinic and Mayo Medical SchoolRochesterUSA

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