Effects of Dichloroacetate on Survival Rate, Brain ATP, Lactate, and Water Content Following Cerebral Ischemia in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats

  • Toshizoh Ishikawa
  • Toshiko Ueda
  • Takefumi Sakabe
  • Tsuyoshi Maekawa
  • Hiroshi Takeshita


Previous reports have demonstrated that brain acidosis associated with the accumulation of lactate may aggravate ischemic-hypoxic brain damage [1,2]. Therefore, measures preventing or attenuating lactate accumulation may be protective against the ischemic brain damage. Dichloroacetate (DCA) is known to activate the pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) complex in various tissues in vitro by inhibiting PDH kinase [3] and to reduce serum levels of lactate and pyruvate by its action on PDH [4]. A recent in vivo investigation revealed that DCA significantly lowered the lactate and glucose concentrations of the brain [5] and that it has therapeutic potential in brain ischemia. Subsequently, Biros and colleages [6–8] have demonstrated that the increase in brain lactate content following incomplete ischemia was reduced by both pre- and post-treatment with DCA. However, the effect of DCA on the neurological outcome of animals subjected to brain ischemia has not been investigated.


Lactic Acidosis Untreated Group Brain Water Content Neurochemical Pathology Lactate Content 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Toshizoh Ishikawa
  • Toshiko Ueda
  • Takefumi Sakabe
  • Tsuyoshi Maekawa
  • Hiroshi Takeshita
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiology-ResuscitologyYamaguchi University, School of MedicineUbe, 755Japan

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