Advertisement

Abstract

Japan’s modern textile industry began in 1872, when the government constructed silk yarn works in Tomioka. Before the Second World War, textiles were a key export industry, earning foreign reserves. After the war, textiles contributed to Japan’s era of rapid growth and for several decades remained an important export. With Japan’s ascension to the first rank of the world’s high-tech economies over the past two and a half decades, the country has lost much of its comparative advantage in labor-intensive industries like textiles. Continuing productivity improvements — boosted by partner institutions — have enabled the industry to continue to grow in some respects, particularly those that can be automated. But the explosion of textile manufacturing in developing countries will not be reversed to the advantage of advanced, high-wage economies such as Japan’s. Still, the lessons of Japan’s experience, including the development of its networks of firms and their connection to other organizations, may be applicable to other countries as their industries grow.

Keywords

Textile Industry Local Firm Synthetic Fiber Consult Firm Academic Association 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Agency of Industrial Science and Technology (1990). Industry Science Technology Vision for 1990s. Tokyo: Ministry of Finance Printing Office.Google Scholar
  2. Agency of Industrial Science and Technology (1991). Research Plan of Research Institutions. Tokyo: Ministry of Finance Printing Office.Google Scholar
  3. Coase, R. H. (1937). “The Nature of the Firm”. Economica 4: 386–405.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Economic Planning Agency (Various Years). Annual Report on National Account. Tokyo: Ministry of Finance Printing Office.Google Scholar
  5. Hirai, T (1991). Textile Industry. Tokyo: Kyoikusha.Google Scholar
  6. Industrial Research Institute of Niigata Prefecture Mitsuke Branch. Industrial Research Institute of Niigata Prefecture Mitsuke Branch. Undated manuscript. Mitsuke.Google Scholar
  7. Industrial Research Institute of Niigata Prefecture (1991). Subject on Industrial Technology Development and Technical Training Plan. Niigata.Google Scholar
  8. Industrial Research Institute of Niigata Prefecture (1987). Annual Report on Industrial Technology. Niigata.Google Scholar
  9. Industrial Technology Council (1991). Evaluation Report on Research and Development by the Automated Sewing System Project. Manuscript. Tokyo.Google Scholar
  10. Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) (Various Years). Census of Commerce. Tokyo: Ministry of Finance Printing Office.Google Scholar
  11. Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) (Various Years). Census of Manufacturers. Tokyo: Ministry of Finance Printing Office.Google Scholar
  12. MIT Commission on Industrial Productivity (1989). The U.S. Textile Industry: Challenges and Opportunities. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  13. Municipal Office of Kyoto City (1991). Textile Industry Vision in Kyoto City. Manuscript. Kyoto.Google Scholar
  14. Municipal Office of Mitsuke City (1992). The General Situation of the Textile Industry. Manuscript. Mitsuke.Google Scholar
  15. Nakamura, A. (1980). Practical Knowledge of Textile. Tokyo: Toyo Keizai.Google Scholar
  16. Niigata Prefecture (1991). Annual Report. Niigata.Google Scholar
  17. Nihon Kagaku Kyokai (1986). Practical Knowledge of Synthetic Fibers. Tokyo: Toyo Keizai.Google Scholar
  18. Stiglitz, J.E. (1988). Economics of the Public Sector. Second Edition. New York: Norton Publisher.Google Scholar
  19. Technology Research Association of Automated Sewing System. Automated Sewing System. Undated manuscript. Tokyo.Google Scholar
  20. Toray (1992). Corporate Information. Tokyo.Google Scholar
  21. Toray (1992). Toray: Annual Report. Tokyo.Google Scholar
  22. Toray (1992). Toray: Research and Development. Tokyo.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yasuo Maeda
    • 1
  1. 1.Osaka UniversityOsakaJapan

Personalised recommendations