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Cooperative Learning and Technological Development in Japan

  • Yoshitaka Okada

Abstract

Technological development is one of the major factors accounting for Japan’s rapid industrial development from the ruins of war to second place in the world. It is reported that market competition in Japan is severe and that firms stress technology in their competitive strategies. But government has played a role in spurring firms to advance from innovative imitation to radical innovation. Policy goals have changed over the decades, from support for technology import in the 1950s, to technology development in the 1960s, to radical innovation since the 1970s. In the 1980s the government stressed technological development as the life line of the economy.

Keywords

Small Firm Research Association Technological Capability Consult Firm Academic Association 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yoshitaka Okada
    • 1
  1. 1.Sophia UniversityTokyoJapan

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