Global Warming pp 203-213 | Cite as

Impacts on Human Health

  • Mitsuru Ando
  • Iwao Uchiyama
  • Masaji Ono


Human activities are responsible for global climate change. Using general circulation models, it is estimated that surface temperatures in and around Japan will rise 1°C to 3°C during the next 100 years. Because global warming may increase the frequency and length of high temperatures during hot summer months in temperate regions, various health risks caused by heat stress have been studied. According to an epidemiological survey, the incidence of heat-related illness was significantly correlated to hot environments in Tokyo, Japan. The epidemiological results also showed that the incidence of heat-related morbidity and mortality in the elderly increased very rapidly in summer. The regression analysis showed that the number of heatstroke patients increased exponentially when the mean daily temperature and maximum daily temperature exceeded 27°C and 32°C in Tokyo, respectively.


Heat Stress Global Warming Heat Wave Daily Maximum Temperature Death Rate Curve 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mitsuru Ando
    • 1
  • Iwao Uchiyama
    • 2
  • Masaji Ono
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute for Environmental StudiesTsukuba, IbarakiJapan
  2. 2.National Institute of Public HealthMinato-ku, TokyoJapan

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