Advertisement

Global Warming pp 101-129 | Cite as

Impacts on Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries

  • Hiroshi Seino
  • Masahiro Amano
  • Katsuyuki Sasaki

Summary

Climate variations significantly affect agriculture, forestry and fisheries through complicated mechanisms. Therefore, agriculture, forestry and fisheries are expected to be especially vulnerable to climate changes. The impacts of climatic warming on agriculture and forest productions are: 1) the direct effects of increased atmospheric CO2 concentration on crop and forest, 2) the indirect effects of climate change on crop, forest, livestock, weed, and pests, and 3) the effects of sea level rise on farmland and forest at a low altitude. The impacts of climate warming on fisheries production become apparent through an increase in sea surface temperature, changing the ocean current, mixing layers and complicated food chain. Thus, in agriculture, forestry and fisheries sectors, there are many complex interactions among the related factors.

Keywords

Global Warming Climatic Warming Climate Change Scenario Atmospheric Temperature Exclusive Economic Zone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Akita, S., 1980: Studies on the differences in photosynthesis and photorespiration among crops. II. The differential responses of photosynthesis, photorespiration and dry matter production to carbon dioxide concentration among species. Bull. Natl. Inst. Agric. Sci. (Ser. D), 31, 59–94.Google Scholar
  2. Hanawa, K., 1991: Long-term variations of the atmospheric circulation over the North Pacific and the Oyashio. Bull. Hokkaido Natl. Fish. Res. Inst., No.55, 125–139. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  3. Hirakawa, K.,1995: Effects of temperature on egg production of a warm-water copepod Oncaea venusta Philippi (Poecilostomatoida), Bull. Japan Sea Natl. Fish. Res. Inst., 45, 39–45. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  4. Horie, T., 1988: The effect of climatic variations on rice yield in Hokkaido. In M.L. Parry et al. (eds.), The Impact of Climatic Variation on Agriculture, 1. Assessment in Cool Temperate and Cold Regions, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 809–825.Google Scholar
  5. Horie, T., 1993: Predicting the effects of climatic variation and elevated CO2 on rice yield in Japan. J. Agric. Meteorol., 48, 567–574.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Horie, T., Nakagawa, H., Ohnishi, M., and Nakano, J., 1995: Rice production in Japan under current and future climate. In R.B. Matthews et al. (eds.), Modelling the Impact of Climate Change on Rice Production in Asia. CAB International, Wallingford, 143–164.Google Scholar
  7. Horino, T., 1990: Mineral contents and the eating quality of rice grain. Japan. J. Crop Sci., 59, 605–611. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  8. Hotta, I., and Imai, K., 1994: Effects of atmospheric CO2 concentration on photosynthesis, respiration and growth of young rice plants. Japan. J. Crop Sci., 63 (extra issue 1), 124–125. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  9. Houghton, J.T., Meira Filho, L.G., Callander, B.A., Harris, N., Kattenberg, A., and Maskell, K., 1996: Climate Change 1995. The Science of Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, 572pp.Google Scholar
  10. Iguchi, N. and Ikeda, T.,1995: Growth, metabolism and growth efficiency of a eupausiid crustacean Euphausia pacifica in the southern Japan Sea as influenced by temperature. J. Plankton Res., 17, 1757–1769CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Imai, K., 1977: Studies on the effect of carbon dioxide concentration on growth and dry matter production of crop plants. Dissertation, University of Tokyo, Tokyo. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  12. Imai K., 1988: Carbon dioxide and crop production. Japan. J. Crop Sci., 57, 380–391. (in Japanese)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Imai, K., and Murata, Y., 1976: Effect of carbon dioxide concentration on growth and dry matter of crop plants. I. Effects on leaf area, dry matter, tillering, dry matter distribution ratio, and transpiration. Japan. J. Crop Sci., 45, 598–606. (in Japanese with English summary)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Imai, K., and Murata, Y., 1978a: Effects of carbon dioxide concentration on growth and dry matter production of crop plants. IV. After-effects of carbon dioxide-treatment on the apparent photosynthesis, dark respiration and dry matter production. Japan. J. Crop Sci., 47, 330–335. (in Japanese with English summary)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Imai, K., and Murata, Y., 1978b: Effects of carbon dioxide concentration on growth and dry matter production of crop plants. V. Analysis of after-effect of carbon dioxide-treatment on apparent photosynthesis. Japan. J. Crop Sci., 47, 587–595.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Imai, K., and Murata, Y., 1979a: Effects of carbon dioxide concentration on growth and dry matter production of crop plants. VI. Effects of oxygen concentration on the carbon dioxide-dry matter production relationship in some C3 and C4 species. Japan. J. Crop Sci., 48, 58–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Imai, K., and Murata, Y., 1979b: Effects of carbon dioxide concentration on growth and dry matter production of crop plants. VII. Influence of light intensity and temperature on the effect of carbon dioxide environment in some C3 and C4 species. Japan. J. Crop Sci., 48, 409–417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Imai, K., Coleman, D.F., and Yanagisawa, T., 1985: Increase in atmospheric partial pressure of carbon dioxide and growth and yield of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Japan. J. Crop Sci., 54, 413–418.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Imai, K., and Okamoto-Sato, M., 1991: Effects of temperature on CO2 dependence of gas exchanges in C3 and C4 crop plants. Japan. J. Crop Sci., 60, 139–145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Imai, K., and Nomura, M., 1992: Effects of phosphorus nutrition on gas exchange of rice leaves at elevated atmospheric partial pressure of carbon dioxide. Proc. Int. Symp. on Global Change (IGBP), Waseda University, Tokyo, 573–578.Google Scholar
  21. Imai, K., Adachi, N., and Moss, D.N., 1994: Effects of atmospheric CO2 concentration, phosphoru nutrition and night temperature on growth and yield of rice. Environ. Control Biol., 32, 53–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Imura, O., Morimoto, N., and Kiura, T., 1993: Potential effect of global warming on the distribution of insects in Japan. Proc. Int. Insect Diversity Research, Chuncheon, Korea, 44–57.Google Scholar
  23. Irie, T., 1990: Ecological studies on the migration of juvenile chum salmon, Oncorhynchus keta, during early oceanic life. Bull. Seikai. Reg. Fish. Res. Lab., 68, 1–142. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  24. Japan Fisheries Resource Conservation Association, 1980: Figures of optimum water temperature for aquatic organism, 63pp.Google Scholar
  25. Japan Meteorological Agency, 1990: Change of weather with the increase of greenhouse effect gases (2). 231pp. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  26. Kajimoto, T., N. Kurachi, et al. 1996: Effects of External Factors on Growth and Structure of Pinus pumila Scrub in Mt. Kinpu, Central Japan. In K. Omasa et al., (eds.), Climate Change and Plants in East Asia, Springer, 149–156.Google Scholar
  27. Kawasaki, T., 1989: Long-term variability of pelagic fish populations and their environment, In T. Kawasaki et al. (eds), Proc. International Symposium, Pergamon Press, 47–60.Google Scholar
  28. Kawasaki, T., 1991: The relation of the change of pelagic fish resource with the variation of global environment. Research of Resource-Oceanography in Offshore of Southern West Water, 7, 69–76. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  29. Kawasaki, T., 1993: Structural change of the assembly of pelagic fish which is lead by sardine. Gekkan-Kaiyo, 25, 398–404. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  30. Kawasaki, T., 1994a: Climate-dependent fluctuations in the Far Eastern sardine population and their impacts on fisheries and society. In M.H. Grants (ed), Climate Variability, Climate Change and Fisheries, Cambridge University Press, 325–354.Google Scholar
  31. Kawasaki, T., 1994b: A decade of the regime shift of small pelagics-from the FAO expert consultation (1983) to the PICES 3 (1994). Bull. Japan. Soc. Fish. Oceanogr., 58, 321–333. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  32. Kishida, T., 1994: Global warming and fishery. Fishery Series 103, Fishery and Environment, Koseisya-Koseikaku, 81–89. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  33. Kitano, F., Nakano, S., Maekawa, K. and Ono, Y., 1995: Effect of stream temperatures on longitudinal distribution of fluvial Dolly Verden and potential habitat loss due to global warming. Yaseisebutsuhogo, 1, 1–11. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  34. Kobayashi, S., H. Sakai, N. Tanaka and K. Fujimoto 1996: Effects on Environmental Conditions on the Site Dynamics of a Subalpine Forest in the Akashi Mountains, Japan. In K. Omasa et al., (eds.), Climate Change and Plants in East Asia, Springer, 157–166.Google Scholar
  35. Koyama, T. and N. Shigesawa 1995: A Size-Distribution-Based Model of Forest Dynamics along a Latitudinal Environmental Gradient. Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems in Monsoon Asia, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 117–126.Google Scholar
  36. Kubo, N. and Ebara, S., 1992: Long term changes of diatoms distribution an d oceanographic conditions in the sea south of Hokkaido and the Japan Sea. J. Meteorol. Res., 44, 107–117. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  37. Lluch-Belda, D., Schwartzlose, R.A., Serra, R., Parrish, R., Kawasaki, T., Hedgecock, D., and Crawford, R.M., 1992: Sardine and anchovy regime fluctuations of abundance in four regions of the world oceans. Workshop Report, Fish. Oceanogr., 1, 339–347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Matsui, T., and Horie, T., 1992: Effects of elevated CO2 and high temperature on growth and yield or rice. 2. Sensitive period and pollen germination rate in high temperature sterility of rice spikelets at flowering. Japan. J. Crop Sci., 61 (extra issue 1), 148–149. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  39. Mizuno, K., 1996: El Nino and the long term variation of atmosphere/ocean. Kenkyu-Journal, 19(2), 11–17. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  40. Mochida, O., 1991: Imapct of CO2-climate change on pests distribution. Agr. Horticul., 66, 128–136 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  41. Nakagawa, H., Horie, T., Nakano, J., Kim, H.Y., Wada, K., and Kobayashi, M., 1993: Effect of elevated CO2 concentration and high temperature on growth and development of rice. J. Agric. Meteorol., 48, 799–802.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Nakano, S., Kitano, F., and Maekawa, K., 1996: Potential fragmentation and loss of thermal habitats for charrs in the Japanese Archipelago due to climatic warming. Freshwater Biology, 36, 711–722.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Nomura, M., Imai, K., and Matsuda, T., 1993: Effects of atmospheric CO2 concentration and phosphorus nutrition on the leaf structure of rice. Proc. Kanto Branch, Crop Sci. Soc. Japan, 8, 49–50. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  44. Odate, K., 1994: Zooplankton biomass and its long-term variation in the Western North Pacific Ocean, Tohoku Sea area, Japan. Bull. Tohoku Natl. Fish. Res. Inst., 56, 115–173. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  45. Ohta, S. T. Fujiwara and T. Saito, 1995: Dendroclimatological Investigation of Historical Documents Since the 18th Century in Japan. Proc. Int. Workshop on Asia and Pacific Dendrochronology “Tree Rings from the Past to the Future”, Forestry and For. Prod. Res. Inst.,11–16Google Scholar
  46. Ohta, S., Uchijima, Z., Seino, H., and Oshima, Y., 1993: Probable effects of CO2-induced climatic warming on the thermal environment of ponded shallow water. Climate Change, 23, 69–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Ohta, S., Uchijima, Z., and Seino, H., 1996: Effects of doubled CO2-induced climatic changes on heat balance of ponded shallow water in Japan. J. Agric. Meteorol., 52, 1–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Omori, M. and Kawasaki, T., 1995: Scrutinizing the cycles of worldwide fluctuations in the sardine and herring populations by means of singular spectrum analysis. Bull. Japan. Soc. Fish. Oceanogr., 59, 361–370.Google Scholar
  49. Saito, H., Kasai, H., Taguchi, S. and Kawawaki, Y., 1994: The effects of physical structure on plankton biomass in the subarctic circulation. Bull. Japan. Soc. Fish. Oceanogr., 58, 116–119. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  50. Satake, T., and Yoshida, S., 1978: High temperature-induced sterility in indica rice at flowering. Japan. J. Crop Sci., 47, 6–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Seino, H., 1991a: Agroclimatic resources and CO2-induced climate change. Agric Horticul., 66, 103–108. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  52. Seino, H., 1991b: Climatological estimation of net primary productivity on the land area-Changes in plant production due to climatic warming. J. Japan. Agric. Systems Soc, 7, 67–78. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  53. Seino, H., 1995a: Implications of climate change for crop production in Japan. In C. Rosenzweig et al. (eds.), Climate Change and Agriculture: Analysis of Potential International Impacts, American Society of Agronomy, Madison, 293–306.Google Scholar
  54. Seino, H., 1995b: The impacts of climatic warming on cereal crop production in Japan. J. Agric. Meteorol., 51, 131–138. (in Japanese with English summary)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Sugihara, S., 1991: The influence of climatic variation on the climatic variation on the climatic productivity of paddy rice. J. Geography, 100, 851–868. (in Japanese)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Suyama, T., 1988: Grassland production, animal industry and climate change. Kisho Kenkyu Note, No.162, 123–130. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  57. Sweda, T., 1993: Forest Management under Changing Global Climate. Proc. IUFRO Seoul Conference 1993, Forest Research Institute of the Republic of Korea, 484–494.Google Scholar
  58. Sweda, T. and S. Takeda, 1993: Construction of an 800-year-long chamaecyparis dendrochronology for central Japan. Dendrochronologia, No. 11, 79–86.Google Scholar
  59. Tanaka, N. and H. Taoda 1996: Expansion of elevational distribution of beech along the climatic gradient from the Pacific ocean to the Sea of Japan in Honshu, Japan. In K. Omasa et al., (eds.), Climate change and Plants in East Asia, Springer, 175–184.Google Scholar
  60. Tomosada, A., 1989: The change of ocean caused by the change of atmospheric temperature. In: The Change of Global Environment and Ocean Ecosystem, Natl. Res. Inst. Fis. Sci., 4–16. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  61. Tomosada, A. and Odate, K., 1995: Long-term variability in Zooplankton biomass and environment. Umi to Sora, 71, 1–7. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  62. Uchijima, T., 1988: The effect of climatic variations on altitudinal shift of rice yield and cultivable area in northern Japan. In M.L. Parry et al. (eds.), The Impact of Climatic Variation on Agriculture, 1. Assessment in Cool Temperate and Cold Regions, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 797–808.Google Scholar
  63. Uchijima, Z., 1988: The present condition and problems of researches on agroclimatic resources. Kisho Kenkyu Note, No.162, 81–94. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  64. Uchijima, Z., and Seino, H., 1988: Probable effects of CO2-induced climatic change on agroclimatic resources and net primary productivity in Japan. Bull. Natl. Inst. Agro-Environ. Sci., 4, 67–88.Google Scholar
  65. Watanabe, A., Mizuno, K. and Okazaki, M., 1995: Decadal change of surface water of the North Pacific. Gekkann-Kaiyo, Special Issue No.9, 160–168. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  66. Watson, R.T., Zinyowera, M.C., and Moss R.H., 1996: Climate Change 1995. Impacts, Adaptations and Mitigation of Climate Change: Scientific-Technical Analyses. Cambridge University Press, 878pp.Google Scholar
  67. Yaesu, K., R. Funada, K. Fukazawa and J. Ohtani, 1995: Reconstruction of summer temperature and precipitation in northern Hokkaido back to A.D. 1750 using tree-ring maximum density of Picea glehnii. Proc. 1995 Nagoya IGBP-PAGES/PEP-II Symposium, Nagoya Univ., 138–142.Google Scholar
  68. Yamamoto, T., 1990: Trend of research about the actual conditions of global warming. Tenki, 37, 289–305. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  69. Yoshida, S., 1976: Carbon dioxide and yield of rice. In International Rice Research Institute (ed.), Climate and Rice, IRRI, Los Banos, Philippines, 211–222.Google Scholar
  70. Yoshino, M. and H.P. Ono, 1996: Variations in the plant phenology affected by global warming, In K. Omasa et al., (eds.), Climate Change and Plants in East Asia, Springer, 93–107.Google Scholar
  71. Yoshino-Urushibara, K., 1991: A prediction of sugar cane yield in Southwestern Islands due to global warming. Report on Climatology and Meteorology, University of Tsukuba, 16, 38–43. (in Japanese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiroshi Seino
    • 1
  • Masahiro Amano
    • 2
  • Katsuyuki Sasaki
    • 3
  1. 1.National Institute of Agro-Environmental SciencesTsukuba, IbarakiJapan
  2. 2.Forestry and Forest Products Research InstituteTsukuba-Norin, IbarakiJapan
  3. 3.National Research Institute of Fisheries ScienceKanazawa-ku, Yokohama, KanagawaJapan

Personalised recommendations